Iran had offered billions of dollars to Tehran to restrain its nuclear programme under the Iran nuclear deal, which is also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
The pact was intended to ensure that “Iran’s nuclear program will be strictly peaceful.” Iran also requested the U.N. Security Council to lift the sanctions and all other restrictions from Iran, including the restrictions in the trade, engineering, banking, and energy fields.
This pact was made during the presidentship of Barack Obama in July 2015.
Tehran agreed to a 10-year nuclear manufacturing restriction. They decided to shut down thousands of atomic reactors and exported nearly all of its bomb-making material to Iran. Under the deal, Iran agreed that “Iran will never try, produce or acquire nuclear weapons under any circumstances.”
Iran also permitted a strict monitoring regime, allowing international experts to access sites suspected of activities related to nuclear weapons.
This pact led to the permission of a “peaceful nuclear program” in Iran.
Who signed it?
This pact was signed by Iran, Russia, USA, France, China, U.K., Germany and the E.U.
However, now the USA has accused Iran of planning and generating nuclear weaponry for a rapid nuclear breakout as Iran starts to pump uranium in hundreds of centrifuges, violating the pact. And because of that, the USA continues to exhaust Iran’s economy, with President Donald Trump imposing harsh sanctions on Iran.
Nonetheless, in September 2019, the USA also made it clear that sanctions will also be imposed on those countries that deal with Iran or buy its oil, hence cutting ties of all countries from Iran, deepening their worries.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned the international community after Iran boosted the activities of its underground Fordow nuclear plant, moreover, the U.S. Secretary of State made it clear that the pact was violated. He also requested the international community to take prompt actions against Tehran’s “violence and terror” and Iran, to prevent any unfortunate steps that Iran might take.
On the other hand, Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) announced the latest action in the nuclear program after a transfer of 2,000 kg (4,400 pounds) of uranium hexafluoride from the Natanz nuclear facility to Fordow. But, under the nuclear pact, the production of nuclear weaponry at Fordow was forbidden as it is a highly-sensitive site which Iran had hidden from the United Nations proliferation inspectors till 2009.
However, the U.S. has withdrawn from the pact and has started to impose exhaustive sanctions on Iran that continues to exhaust Iran’s economy. Besides, AEOI claims that every move was observed by the Inspectors of the U.N. nuclear watchdogs, and it was not a violation of the pact, U.S. stays determined to impose the sanctions and not remove them any time soon.
Nothing in return
Not just the U.S., but Russia has also called the move of transferring uranium at Fordow as a “very alarming” step, consequently, the Russian foreign minister stated that the European powers should come together to deal with the intentions of Iran than regretting later.
Eventually, the French president agreed with USA and Russia, calling the step of Iran as a “grave move” stating that Iran’s intent was clear to violate and leave the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
Despite all the backlash, Moscow stands with Iran calling the sanctions as “unprecedented and illegal”.
While there have been no official verdicts by the U.N. security council on this issue, a spokesperson of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said that its inspectors at Fordow would provide reports with any relevant information about any activities that take place.
It is certain, if Iran continues to violate the pact and USA continues to impose sanctions on Iran, it won’t be too far when Iran’s economy is exhausted, and like 1984 it will take years for Iran to bounce back and recover. The time will tell whether going at war with the USA for nuclear plants was worth fighting for or not!
Noor Shahzad is an LLB student and a writer working on various niches. She is passionate about world affairs, real estate and technology. She believes that the digital world is way more powerful than one can comprehend.